Endemic birds in Vietnam & Indochina

The three recently discovered species in Kon Tum, Vietnam



List of endemic and near-endemic birds of Vietnam

Notes: E = endemic to Vietnam, NE = near-endemic or meaning that it can be found near border of Vietnam with its neighbour

1. White-eared Night-Heron (Gorsachius magnificus) NE

Long thought endemic to south China and at one time considered as a breeding bird only on Hainan Island it is only recently that the colony at Ba Be has reached the keen of western birders

2. Orange-necked Partridge (Arborophila davidi)  NE

Endemic to northeast Cochinchina and now very rarely seen in its former stronghold at Cat Tien National park. Tan Phu forest is one of the best site for this species

3. Annam Partridge (Arborophila merlini)  E

Distributes from Thua Thien Hue to Quang Tri. Found at Bach Ma national park and a part forest at the junction Quang Tri - Quang Binh and Laos. Endemic to Central Annam

4a. Imperial Pheasant (Lophura imperialis) E It is believed that the species is not exist and should be removed from check list. A study suggested this species is actually a hybrid between Vietnamese Pheasant x Silver Pheasant. See more 

4b. Edward’s Pheasant (Lophura edwardsi)  E

4c. Vietnamese Pheasant (Lophura hatinhensis)  E

The two endemism (maybe one) Pheasants of Vietnam are amongst the least observed species on earth and only Vietnamese has been seen with any certainty in recent years.

5. Germain's Peacock-Pheasant (Polyplectron germaini) NE

Occurs in east Cambodia but Vietnam is its stronghold especially at Cat Tien national park

6. Red-vented Barbet (Megalaima lagrandieri) NE

Although it occurs in Cambodia and Laos as well as Vietnam it is usually most easy to see here

7. Indochinese Barbet (Megalaima annamensis) NE          

Recently finally split from Black-browed and confined south Laos and south Annam

8. Red-collared Woodpecker (Picus rabieri) NE

Although it occurs in Laos , Vietnam is the only logical place to search for this bird. Astonishingly elusive for a Woodpecker it totally eluded us as it does most tour groups

9. Blue-rumped Pitta (Pitta soror)

Allegedly widespread in Indo-China and occurring as far west as west Thailand it is rarely seen outside Vietnam (and often missed within as well)

10. Bar-bellied Pitta (Pitta elliotii)

Again occurring as far west as Thailand and again rarely seen outside of Vietnam

11. White-winged Magpie (Urocissa whiteheadi)

Fairly widespread but rarely seen outside of Vietnam or southwest China

12. Grey-crowned Tit (Aegithalos annamensis) NE

Confined to south Laos and Annam. Now generally recognised as distinct from Black-throated Tit

13. Yellow-billed Nuthatch (Sitta solangiae) NE

Although it occurs outside of Vietnam, only really findable within its borders

14. Limestone Warbler (Phylloscopus calciatilis) NE

Occurring in limestone country in central Laos and central Annam, but again only realistically findable in Vietnam. A recent split from Sulphur-breasted

15. Black-headed Parrotbill (Paradoxornis margaritae)  E

Now recognised as distinct from Grey-headed and confined to south Annam

16. Black-hooded Laughingthrush (Garrulax milleti) NE

Again just reaching into Laos otherwise confined to Vietnam

17. Rufous-cheeked Laughingthrush (Garrulax castanotis) NE

Occurs on Hainan Island and central Laos. Most reliable sites are on Mt Ba Vi and the forest on west Ho Chi Minh road at Samu pass 

18. White-cheeked Laughingthrush (Garrulax vassali) NE

Fairly widespread in highland of Laos and Vietnam

19. Chestnut-eared Laughingthrush (Garrulax konkakinhensis)  E

Only known from Mt Kon Ka Kinh in central Annam until it located and photographed it at Mang Canh in 2010

20. Orange-breasted Laughingthrush (Garrulax annamensis) E

Now split from Spot-breasted and endemic to south Annam

21. Golden-winged Laughingthrush (Garrulax ngoclinhensis) E

So far only known from Mt Ngoc Linh in central Annam

22. Collared Laughingthrush (Garrulax yersini) E

Only found in south Annam, centred round Mt Langbian, Bidoup Nui Ba national park and Chu Yang Sin national park

23. Short-tailed Scimitar-Babbler (Jabouilleia danjoui) NE

Virtually confined to Annam and Tonkin. Also call Indochinese Wren Babbler  

24. White-throated Wren-Babbler (Rimator pasquieri)  E

A recent split from Long-billed and confined to Mt Fan Si Pan in west Tonkin

25. Sooty Babbler (Stachyris herberti) NE

Formerly considered endemic to limestone country in central Laos but now known to be thriving in central Annam. Locally common in Phong Nha Ke Bang national park  

26. Grey-faced Tit-Babbler (Macronous kelleyi) E

An exciting Indochinese endemic! Very common and widespread in southern of Vietnam  

27. Vietnamese Cutia(Cutia legalleni)  E

Now split from Himalayan and confined to south Annam. Found fairly common in Da Lat, Di Linh

28. Black-crowned Barwing (Actinodura sodangoram) NE

Only recently described and confined to southeast Laos and southern central Annam. Best site is Lo Xo pass

29. Indochinese Fulvetta (Alcippe danisi) NE

A Lao special also found in central and south Annam . Found on Bidoup mt and Ngoc Linh mt above 1800m

30. Black-crowned Fulvetta (Alcippe klossi)   E

A split from Rufous-winged confined to south Annam. Easy to see on Langbian and Bidoup moutains

31. Grey-crowned Crocias (Crocias langbianis)   E

Endemic to south Annam and very localised. Ta Nung, Tuyen Lam and a site at Dam Rong on the road 28 Da Lat – Ban Me Thuot. Recently found in Mang Den and Ngoc Linh (2014)

32. Vietnamese Greenfinch (Carduelis monguilloti)   E

Confined to pine forest in south Annam, common in Da Lat and Di Linh

New endemic species by recently split

34. Dalat Shrike Babbler Pteruthius flaviscapis

Possible endemisms in the future

35. Blue-winged Minla Minla cyanouroptera orientalis

36. Rufous-backed Sibia Heterophasia annectens eximia

37. Black-throated Sunbird Aethopyga saturata johnsi

38. Red Crossbill Loxia curvirostra meridionalis

39. Brown Bullfinch Pyrrhula nipalensis ssp

Download printable checklist of the birds of Vietnam - Laos - Cambodia